Debian 11 Released! Kernel 5.10 LTS with exFAT File-system Support

Debian 11 ‘bullseye’ finally released after more than 2 years of development, with next 5 years support!

Debian is a popular Linux Distribution suitable for personal computers, development servers to cluster systems, database, web, and storage servers. It’s a free and open-source community-driven project. And many other Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, based on Debian Linux.

Debian 11 for Desktop PC

The disco image is available with different desktop environments, including:

  • GNOME 3.38 – beautiful and elegant desktop for modern computers. Defaults in Ubuntu, Fedora.
  • KDE Plasma 5.20 – polished desktop built with Qt 5 and KDE Frameworks 5.
  • LXDE 11 – free desktop environment especially suitable for use on older PC.
  • LXQt 0.16 – LXDE and Razor-qt, lightweight while looking good.
  • MATE 1.24 – classic Gnome 2 continuation.
  • Xfce 4.16 – another desktop suitable for older PC with GTK toolkit.

Though not mentioned in the release note, the release also includes Cinnamon desktop (4.8.6) from Linux Mint.

Kernel 5.10, Package updates

Debian 11 comes with Kernel 5.10, the latest long term support (LTS) kernel release. exFAT file-system is supported out-of-the-box. As a result, users no longer need the exfat-fuse package. And the exfatprogs package is available with ability to create and check an exFAT filesystem.

With ipp-usb daemon, USB devices allow to be treated as a network device and most modern printers are supported without the need for vendor specific (often non-free) drivers.

The release also features better Wayland support, activates persistent journal functionality by default for Systemd, includes software for researching the COVID-19 virus on the sequence level, new Fcitx 5 input method.

The ‘bullseye’ release adds over 11294 new packages. Moreover, it removes thousands of ‘obsolete’ packages, and updates 42,821 packages including:

  • Apache 2.4.48
  • BIND DNS Server 9.16
  • Calligra 3.2
  • Cryptsetup 2.3
  • Emacs 27.1
  • GIMP 2.10.22
  • GNU Compiler Collection 10.2
  • GnuPG 2.2.20
  • Inkscape 1.0.2
  • LibreOffice 7.0
  • MariaDB 10.5
  • OpenSSH 8.4p1
  • Perl 5.32
  • PHP 7.4
  • PostgreSQL 13
  • Python 3, 3.9.1
  • Rustc 1.48
  • Samba 4.13
  • Vim 8.2

You see the packages are still old, but Debian aims to be a robust and reliable system for production use. And it’s the most popular Linux server with low system resources required.

How to Get Debian 11:

The Linux distribution provides disco images for 32-bit/64-bit PC, Intel EM64T, little-endian Motorola/IBM PowerPC, IBM S/390, ARM, and MIPS.

You can download the images from the link below:

To upgrade from Debian 10 buster to Debian 11 bullseye, see the document.

Hi, I'm Merilyn Ne, a computer geek working on Ubuntu Linux for many years and would like to write useful tips for beginners. Forgive me for language mistakes. I'm not a native speaker of English.